Forex Market: Basics, Functioning, Risks, Leverage & more

Forex Basics

The foreign exchange market (Forex, also known as Foreign Exchange) is a global and decentralized financial market for foreign exchange trading. In simpler terms, it is the conversion of one currency to another. It is one of the most active markets in the world, with an estimated average daily trading volume of over USD 5 trillion.


Financial centers around the world function as an anchor for trading between a wide range of different types of buyers and sellers throughout the day, except on weekends. The forex market determines the relative values of different currencies. Large market players such as companies, central banks, investment management firms, hedge funds and investors participate in Forex trading.

Forex, or currency market, can be understood as a network of buyers and sellers who exchange currencies at an agreed price. It is a technique in which retail investors, companies and central banks convert one currency into another.

More about Foreign Exchange Market

The foreign exchange market was created shortly after the gold standard was rejected in 1976. Profits are based on exchange differences and are regulated by demand and supply.

Forex is a global online network where traders buy and sell currencies. In addition to providing a floor for buying, selling, trading and speculating currencies, the currency market also allows the conversion of currencies for international trading and investments.

The Forex market has unique features and properties that make it an attractive market for investors who want to optimize their profits. The Internet makes the process fast, convenient and very simple. Forex trading involves risks, but alternative investments have better returns.

Highly Liquid

The foreign exchange market is the largest and most liquid financial market in the world. It attracts traders from all over the world offering great opportunities and promises quick profits. One of the obvious benefits of forex trading is the huge trading volume, which covers the world’s largest asset class and provides traders with high liquidity.

A large number of trades are carried out for practical reasons, but the vast majority of currency conversions are made by investors with the aim of making a profit. The amount of currency converted on a daily basis can make the price movements of some of them extremely volatile. It is precisely this volatility that makes forex so attractive to investors. It provides greater opportunities to maximize profit, but also increases risk.

Open 24 hours a day, 5 days a week

The forex market is highly dynamic throughout the day and rates are constantly changing. It is the only market that really works 24 hours a day, five days a week (Monday through Friday).

Currencies are traded on the world’s largest exchanges and markets: Zurich, Hong Kong, New York, Tokyo, Frankfurt, London, Sydney and Paris. This means that in almost all time zones, the market is active. When the market closes in the United States, the trading day starts in Tokyo and Hong Kong.

The flexibility of time is extremely convenient for traders having a hectic working schedule. They do not need to worry about the opening and closing of the market and can organize their operations any time they want.


Forex leverage is a tool that all traders should be aware of. Most Forex investors use this tool to maximize the return on their investments in the market. Therefore, traders who want to maximize their return profits can undoubtedly use this trading tool. However, this implies a certain level of risk, as traders can incur a significant amount of losses when trading with leverage.

For example, investors having Forex account of $1,000 can trade $100,000 in currencies with a margin of 1%, with a leverage of 1:100.

It is Growing

The foreign exchange market is composed mainly of institutional investors, corporations, governments, banks and currency speculators.

Approximately 90% of this volume is generated by currency speculators capitalizing on intraday price movements.

In short, the size and depth of the forex market make it the ideal trading environment. Such liquidity makes it easy for traders to sell and buy currencies. That’s why more and more traders of all asset classes are turning to the forex market on a daily basis.

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